JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND NOVEL MAGNETISM, vol.29, no.9, pp.2401-2406, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
We have synthesized the superconducting K1-x Na (x) Fe2-y Se-2 (x = 0.07 and 0.25) crystal by using the flux technique. SEM images demonstrate that two samples consist of successive plate-like surfaces oriented into ab plane. EDS analysis yields the average compositions as (Na0.20K0.80)(0.96)Fe(1.78)Se(2)for x = 0.07 and (Na0.33K0.67)(0.96)Fe1.73Se2 for x = 0.25. XRD pattern gives the (00 a"") peaks. The main peaks are indexed to the I4/m space group corresponding to reflected intensities from (002), (006), (008), and (0010) planes related to the peaks of the phase K2Fe4Se5. The lattice parameters are calculated as a = 8.701(4) and c = 14.185(2) for x = 0.07, and a = 8.689(3) and c = 14.054(4) for x = 0.25. ZFC magnetization measurement exhibits a very sharp transition which indicates the presence of superconductivity in the crystal. The superconducting transition temperatures, T (c) , obtained from magnetization measurements are estimated to be 31.0 and 28.4 K for x = 0.07 and 0.25, respectively. The critical current value, J (c) (0), deduced from the M-H loops are approximately 2.8 x10(4) A/cm (2) for x = 0.07 and 2.87 x10(2) A/cm (2) for x = 0.25 at 5 K. The volume pinning force, F (p) , of x = 0.07 sample is found larger than that of the x = 0.25 one.