Regional frequency analyses of successive-duration annual maximum rainfalls by L-moments method


HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES, vol.61, no.4, pp.647-668, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02626667.2014.966722
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.647-668
  • Keywords: index storm method by L-moments approach, intensity-duration-frequency curves at ungauged sites, EXTREME PRECIPITATION, INDEX RAINFALL, FLOOD, STATISTICS, EVENTS, CURVES, SERIES
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


The index flood method of the regional L-moments approach is adapted to annual maximum rainfall (AMR) series of successively increasing durations from 5minutes to 24hours. In Turkey, there are 14 such AMRs having standard durations of 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240, 300, 360, 480, 720, 1080 and 1440min. The parameters of the probability distributions found suitable for these AMR series in a homogeneous region need to be adjusted so that their quantile functions will not cross each other over the entire range of probabilities. This adjustment is done so as to make (1) the derivative of the quantile function with respect to the Gumbel reduced variate of a longer-duration AMR be greater than or equal to that of the shorter-duration AMR, and (2) the quantile of a longer-duration AMR be greater than that of the shorter-duration AMR, both to be satisfied for any specific probability. Accordingly, the parameters of a probability distribution fitted to some AMR series must either increase or decrease or be constant with respect to increasing rainstorm duration; and the parameters of different distributions fitted to two sequential AMR series must be interrelated. The index flood method by the L-moments approach modified in such manner for successive-duration AMR series is applied to the Inland Anatolia region of Turkey using data recorded at 31 rain-gauging stations with recording lengths from 31 to 66 years.