Two different drug groups, typical (classic) and atypical (new), are used in the treatment of schizophrenia. Aripiprazole, an atypical antipsychotic chemical, is the active ingredient of the drug Abilify. This study was conducted to determine the possible genotoxic effect of aripiprazole. For this purpose, four different doses of aripiprazole (5; 10; 20, and 40 mu g/mL) were examined with Chromosome Abnormality (CA), Sister Chromatid Exchange (SCE), Micronucleus (MN) tests. Based on these tests, Proliferation Index (PI), Percent Abnormal Cells (AC), Mitotic Index (MI), Micronuclear Binuclear Cell (MNBN), and Nuclear Division Index (NDI) levels were determined in human peripheral lymphocytes treated for 24 and 48 hours. Also, to determine possible binding sites of Aripiprazole on B-DNA molecular docking analysis was performed using AutoDock 4.0 (B-DNA dodecamer, PDB code: 1BNA). Aripiprazole binds to B-DNA with a very significant free binding energy (-11.88 Kcal/mol). According to our study, aripiprazole did not significantly change SCE, CA, AC percentage, MN frequencies when compared with control. According to these results, aripiprazole does not have a genotoxic effect. At the same time, no significant change was observed in the PI, MI, and NDI frequencies when compared with the control. In line with these results, it was observed that the use of aripiprazole in the treatment of schizophrenia did not pose any acute genotoxic and cytotoxic risk.