Polymicrobial Infection of the Cornea Due to Contact Lens Wear


SIZMAZ S., BİNGÖLLÜ S., ERDEM E., KİBAR F., Koltas S., YAĞMUR M., ...More

TURK OFTALMOLOJI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol.46, no.2, pp.83-86, 2016 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tjo.03779
  • Journal Name: TURK OFTALMOLOJI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.83-86
  • Keywords: Acanthamoeba, Alcaligenes, keratitis, Pseudomonas, KERATITIS, ABUSE
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

A 38-year-old male presented with pain and redness in his left eye. He had a history of wearing contact lenses. His ophthalmic examination revealed a large corneal ulcer with surrounding infiltrate. Cultures were isolated from the contact lenses, lens solutions, storage cases, and conjunctivae of both eyes and also corneal scrapings of the left eye. Fortified vancomycin and amikacin drops were started hourly. Culture results of conjunctivae of each eye and left cornea were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa; cultures from the contact lenses, lens solution and storage case of both eyes revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. Polymerase chain reaction of the corneal scraping was positive for Acanthameoba. The topical antibiotics were changed with ones that both bacteria were sensitive to and anti-amoebic therapy was added. The patient had two recurrences following initial presentation despite intensive therapy. Keratitis occurred due to multiple pathogens; the relapsing course despite adequate therapy is potentially associated with this polymicrobial etiology.