Morphological and Molecular Characterizatıon of Some Persimmon Varieties and Types


YEŞİLOĞLU T., YILMAZ B., AKA KAÇAR Y., Incesu M., ÇİMEN B., Satmaz A.

29th International Horticulture Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 17 - 22 August 2014, pp.1

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Brisbane
  • Country: Australia
  • Page Numbers: pp.1
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study morphological and molecular characterization of 20 promising
Persimmon varieties and types were performed. In order to determine morphological
characterization, plant development stage, growth, branch structure, characteristics
of leaf, flower, fruit and seed were investigated. As a result of the morphological
characterization of persimmon varieties and types were classified as pollination
constant astringent, pollination variant astringent, pollination constant non-astringent,
pollination variant non-astringent genotypes. According to molecular characterization
by RAPD markers, high level of genetic polymorphism was determined in
Persimmons. Despite the high polymorphism, close genetic relationships have been
determined among some genotypes. According to the RAPD markers, 82% similarity
level was identified between Hana Fuyu (Fr) and Hachiya (Fr). Also Fuji variety has
shown a similarity of 80% between those genotypes. In addition, Kaki Tipo (Fr),
07TH05, 07TH06, 33TH01 selected types from Turkey and 33 genotypes were
clustered in the same sub-group, and similarity level has been determined to be
above 65%.