Solar pond integrated with parabolic trough solar collector for producing electricity and hydrogen

Damarseckin S., ATIZ A., KARAKILÇIK M.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.52, pp.115-126, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.02.087
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-126
  • Keywords: Energetic and exergetic performance, Hydrogen generation, Organic rankine cycle, Parabolic trough solar collectors, Solar pond
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


This work researches producing electricity and hydrogen production performance of a solar pond integrated with parabolic trough solar collectors. The system consists of parabolic trough solar collectors and a solar pond with a surface area of 100 m2 and 200 m2, an organic Rankine cycle operating with n-butane for electricity production, a proton exchange membrane for generating hydrogen, and a mushroom production unit. The system was operated for five mass flow rates m˙1=0.350kg/s, m˙2=0.355kg/s, m˙3=0.360kg/s, m˙4=0.365kg/s, m˙5=0.370kg/s. To improve the overall system performance, n-butane is selected as the operating fluid in the organic Rankine cycle and the waste heat of the organic Rankine cycle was used to heat the mushroom production unit. In addition, the preheating water produced by the solar pond was transferred to the parabolic trough solar collectors via a pump. The temperature of this preheated water was quickly raised by the parabolic trough solar collectors and pumped to the organic Rankine cycle. Thus, the organic Rankine cycle's electricity generation performance was also tried to be increased. With efficient electricity produced, the hydrogen production performance of the proton exchange membrane was improved. Thus, the amount of hot water, electricity, and hydrogen produced in the integrated system, the organic Rankine cycle, the parabolic trough solar collectors, and the energy and exergy efficiencies of the entire system were determined daily for five different masses. As a result, for five different masses, it was found in which mass the system performed the best. The whole system was analyzed with the engineering equation solver program. It was found that the system performs best at noon for all mass flow rates. It was also found that the performance of the system, the amount of electricity, and the hydrogen it produced increased as the amount of mass decreased. It was seen that hydrogen can be produced as 534.32 g and 519.06 g for m˙1 and m˙5 in a day, respectively. The energetic and exergetic efficiencies of the system were also found to be a maximum of 13.77% and 5.79% for m˙1.