23th. International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity (ISAPA) , Jyvaskyla, Finland, 15 June - 18 September 2021, vol.1, no.1, pp.93
This study was conducted to reveal the effect of eight-week visually impaired Goalball training on the reaction time and attention performance of children aged 13-14.
8th grade students (17 students: 8 females, 9 males) attending a primary school in Adana participated in the study voluntarily. These students were divided into 2 groups by simple random sampling method as 8 people as Goalball Group (GG) and 9 people as Control Group (KG). GG received goalball training for about 60 minutes a day, 2 days a week for 8 weeks. The control group did not participate in any sports activity regularly for 8 weeks. Attention performances and reaction times of all participants were measured before and after 8 weeks. D2 Attention Test was used to measure the attention performances of the participants. In the reaction time measurements; Touch Test was applied to the discs. In statistical analysis, the normal distribution of the data was examined using the Kolmogorov Smirnov and Shapiro Wilk tests. Mann-Whitney U test, one of the non-parametric tests, was used for intergroup comparisons since it did not show normal distribution.
Before the study, the D2 Attention test and reaction time tests were compared between the goalball and control groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups (p> 0.05). However, when the data after 8 weeks are compared; While there was no difference between the D2 attention test results (p> 0.05), there was an improvement in favor of the GG participants in terms of reaction times (p = 0.004).
It was observed that eight weeks of goalball training did not affect children's attention performance, but showed an improvement in reaction times. For this reason, we believe that adding goalball exercises to physical education classes can be beneficial for children of this age group.
Keywords: Goalball, attention, child, D2 test, reaction test
Cukurova University, Sports Science Faculty, Sport-Health Science