Chemical and biological characteristics of propolis from Apis mellifera caucasica from the Ardahan and Erzurum provinces of Turkey: a comparative study

Arslan M., Sevgiler Y., Guven C., Murathan Z. T. , Erbil N., YILDIRIM D., ...More

ARHIV ZA HIGIJENU RADA I TOKSIKOLOGIJU-ARCHIVES OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE AND TOXICOLOGY, vol.72, no.1, pp.53-69, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/aiht-2021-72-3492
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, SportDiscus, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-69
  • Keywords: anticarcinogen, antimicrobial, biological activity, mineral, mitomycin C, organic composition, IN-VITRO, MITOMYCIN-C, GC-MS, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, BRAZILIAN PROPOLIS, PHENOLIC-COMPOUNDS, ACID-DERIVATIVES, ELEMENT CONTENT, EXTRACT


The aim of this study was to compare the biological activities of ethanolic propolis extracts of Apis mellifera caucasica obtained from Ardahan and Erzurum provinces of Turkey. Samples were tested for antioxidant, anticytotoxic, anticarcinogenic, antibacterial, and antifungal potentials using different techniques. Propolis samples from the two provinces had different mineral and organic compositions related to their geographical origin. The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test showed superiority of Ardahan propolis over the Erzurum. Regardless of origin and the presence of mitomycin C in the culture medium, propolis enhanced human peripheral lymphocyte viability, which depended on the duration and propolis concentration. Antiperoxidative activity on MCF-7 breast cancer cells was concentration-dependent. Erzurum propolis showed the highest anticarcinogenic activity at the concentrations of 62.5 mu g/mL and 125 mu g/mL, which dropped at higher concentrations. All propolis samples also showed antibacterial activity against the tested human pathogens similar to ampicillin and penicillin controls, except for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, they did not exert any antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Yarrowia lipolytica. In conclusion, propolis samples from both provinces showed promising biological activities, but further research should focus on finding the right concentrations for optimal effect and include the cell necrosis pathway to get a better idea of the anticarcinogenic effects.