Milk Composition Characteristics of Native Yellow Breed Cows in the Village Herd


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Göncü Karakök S.

International Journal of Science and Research , vol.12, no.7, pp.1391-1397, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Research
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.1391-1397
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Native breeds are valuable gene sources due to the fact they have adapted to difficult environments for generations and are commonly raised in traditional breeding, in barns in winter, and free grazing in the highlands in summer. Breeders were forced to dispose of native breeds because they were unable to compete under the demand of intensification. Some authentic indigenous breeds can still be found today in inaccessible mountain towns with a closed economy. Among Anatolian cattle, native Yellow Cattle is concentrated in the region ranging from the Taurus Mountains to the Amanos Mountains. The milk composition of Native Yellow Cattle has been demonstrated in this study. Milk was obtained from 38 head cows raised in Gürümze village, Feke District, 122 kilometers from Adana. Milk samples were analyzed using the MilkoScan FT120 (FOSS) milk analyzer, and the contents of dry matter, fat, non - fat dry matter, protein, casein, lactose, and urea were determined. In this study, the average total solids content of Native yellow cattle was 12.09, SNF 9.31, fat 2.85, and protein 3.50. However, the median values were determined as 11.74 for total solids, 9.29 for SNF, 2.56 for fat, and 3.40 for protein. Considering the minimum and maximum values, it is understood that there is significant variation. This could be an important cue for future breeding plans.