Tetrodotoxin levels of three pufferfish species (Lagocephalus sp.) caught in the North-Eastern Mediterranean sea

KÖŞKER A. R., ÖZOĞUL F., Ayas D., DURMUŞ M., UÇAR Y., Regenstein J. M., ...More

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.219, pp.95-99, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 219
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.12.010
  • Journal Name: CHEMOSPHERE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.95-99
  • Keywords: Marine toxins, Lagocephalus sp., Pufferfish, Tetrodotoxin, Q-TOF LC/MS, FISH CAUGHT, RED-SEA, SCELERATUS, TOXICITY, WATERS
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Tetrodotoxin (TTX) levels in Lagocephalus sceleratus (Silverstripe blaasop), Lagocephalus spadiceus (Half-smooth golden pufferfish) and Lagocephalus suezensis (Suez puffer) caught in Mersin Bay in the North-eastern Mediterranean Sea were analysed using Q-TOF LC/MS. Pufferfish were caught using trawl fishing, longlining and fishing line from December 2015 to October 2016. The TTX changes in the gonads, livers, intestines, skins and muscle tissues were evaluated according to sex and season. TTX levels for L. sceleratus and L. suezensis for all tissues were in the range of 0.69-35.6 mu g/g and 0.67-3.09 mu g/g, respectively. The highest TTX levels were observed in the gonads of female L. sceleratus caught in the autumn, and in the skin of L. suezensis caught in the spring but no quantifiable levels of TTX were found for L. spadiceus. In conclusion, L. sceleratus and L. suezensis species caught in the North-Eastern Mediterranean are toxic, and their consumption is unsafe. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.