Antimicrobial Impacts of Microbial Metabolites on the Preservation of Fish and Fishery Products: A Review with Current Knowledge

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Rathod N. B. , Nirmal N. P. , Pagarkar A., ÖZOĞUL F. , Rocha J. M.

MICROORGANISMS, vol.10, no.4, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/microorganisms10040773
  • Title of Journal : MICROORGANISMS
  • Keywords: antimicrobials, metabolites, biopreservation, seafood, food security, foodborne pathogens, bacteriocins, organic acids, reuterins, bacteriophages and endolysins, high pressure processing, modified atmosphere packaging, LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA, HIGH HYDROSTATIC-PRESSURE, SHELF-LIFE EXTENSION, LISTERIA-MONOCYTOGENES, MODIFIED ATMOSPHERE, BIOPROTECTIVE CULTURES, LACTOBACILLUS-REUTERI, NISIN TREATMENT, FOOD, QUALITY


Microbial metabolites have proven effects to inhibit food spoilage microbiota, without any development of antimicrobial resistance. This review provides a recent literature update on the preservative action of metabolites derived from microorganisms on seafood. Fish and fishery products are regarded as a myriad of nutrition, while being highly prone to spoilage. Several proven controversies (antimicrobial resistance and health issues) related to the use of synthetic preservatives have caused an imminent problem. The demand for minimally processed and naturally preserved clean-label fish and fishery products is on rise. Metabolites derived from microorganisms have exhibited diverse preservation capacities on fish and fishery products' spoilage. Inclusions with other preservation techniques, such as hurdle technology, for the shelf-life extension of fish and fishery products are also summarized.