Designing Sustainable Flexible Manufacturing Cells with Multi-Objective Optimization Models †

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Bozoklar E., YILMAZ E.

Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol.14, no.1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app14010203
  • Journal Name: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: augmented epsilon constraint method, epsilon constraint method, flexible manufacturing cells, goal programming, multi-objective optimization, sustainable manufacturing
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Having sustainable and flexible features is crucial for manufacturing companies considering the increasing competition in the globalized world. This study considers three aspects of sustainability, namely economic, social, and environmental factors, in the design of flexible manufacturing cells. Three different multi-objective integer mathematical programming models were developed with the objective of minimizing the costs associated with carbon emissions, inter-cellular movements, machine processing, machine replacement, worker training, and additional salary (bonus). Simultaneously, these models aim to minimize the carbon emission amount of the cells within the environmental dimension scope. The developed models are a goal programming model, an epsilon constraint method, and an augmented epsilon constraint (AUGMECON) method. In these models, alternative routes of parts are considered while assigning parts to machines. The results are obtained using the LINGO 20.0 optimization program with a developed illustrative example. The obtained results are tested and compared by performing sensitivity analyses. The sensitivity analyses include examinations of the effects of changes in part demands, machine capacity values, carbon limit value, and the maximum number of workers in cells.