The effect of hand morphometric measurements on the manual dexterity in students of Vocational School of Health Services

Özandaç S., IŞIK E. İ., TUTUŞ E., Karakaş P.

Cukurova Medical Journal, vol.48, no.3, pp.879-887, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: Cukurova Medical Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Academic Search Premier, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.879-887
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: This paper aimed to evaluate the manual dexterity tests and hand morphometry, and to research whether the dexterity tests and hand lengths were affected by gender and body mass index (BMI) or not. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on 114 adult subjects aged between 18 and 25 years (37 males and 77 females). Demographic characteristics including gender, age, dominant hand, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) of all subjects were recorded. Additionally, hand morphometric measurements and manual dexterity tests called as O’Connor Finger Dexterity Test and Purdue Pegboard Test were applied. Results: Some values such as the hand length (right and left), palmar length (right and left), dominant and non-dominant hand finger, and O’Connor Finger Dexterity Test-Left side showed significant differences between genders. Additionally, O’Connor Finger Dexterity Test scores for both sides were lower in males than in females. Purdue Pegboard-Right, and Purdue Pegboard-Left, Purdue Pegboard-Both Hands, Purdue Pegboard total were higher in males, whereas Purdue Pegboard (Assembly) was higher in females than in males. However, Purdue Pegboard measurement scores did not show a significant difference between genders. Conclusion: Hand morphometric measurements and manual dexterity tests showed some changes in terms of gender and BMI. Additionally, the data obtained can provide crucial information for therapists and clinicians about hand rehabilitation.