Determination of Surgical Fear Levels and Affecting Factors in Patients Planned for Day Surgery: A Descriptive and Cross-Sectional Study

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Deniz Doğan S., Yurtseven Ş.

Türkiye Klinikleri Hemşirelik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.16, no.1, pp.10-16, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: This study was conducted to determine the preoperative fear levels of surgery and the factors affecting patients hospitalized in the day surgery clinic.Material and Methods: This re- search, which is descriptive and cross-sectional, included patients ad- mitted to the day surgery clinic of a university hospital in the Mediterranean Region between December 2022 and May 2023 as the population. The sample of the study consisted of 111 patients who met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate in the research. The data of the study will be collected using a personal information form and Surgical Fear Scale prepared by the literature. In addition to descriptive statistics, independent samples t-test, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whit- ney U tests were used for data analysis. Results: The mean total score of the Surgical Fear Scale for the patients was found to be 31.83±13.83. Furthermore, it has been observed that the surgical fear experienced by the patients is influenced by gender, marital status, type of anesthesia, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and preoperative pain ex- perience (p<0.05). Conclusion: It can be said that patients undergoing day surgery experience a moderate level of fear. Additionally, it is ob- served that the level of surgical fear in patients is influenced by certain variables. In this context, nurses working in day surgery clinics should routinely assess the fear that may affect postoperative recovery during the preoperative period and plan personalized care accordingly.